Force Field Analysis is a framework for analyzing and responding to the positive and negative factors that impact a business situation, strategic issue, or business opportunity.
What is Force Field Analysis, and what are best practices, tools and templates for teams and organizations?
Definition of Force Field Analysis
Description of Force Field Analysis
Force Field Analysis as a technique was originally developed by sociologist Kurt Lewin as a means of analyzing social situations. In business, it is used to analyze the factors that help (also called driving forces) or hinder (also called restraining forces) a business in managing change or solving a problem. Force Field Analysis can be a valuable process for helping to identify those factors that must be overcome if change is to be successful.
The process of Force Field Analysis is as follows:
- Define the problem clearly and in detail
- State the desired outcome
- Identify the driving forces that support change
- Identify the restraining forces that hinder change
- Develop a comprehensive change strategy by adding new factors that support change, strengthening existing factors that support the desired outcome, and eliminating negative factors that are hindering change.
Tools & Templates
The Force Field Analysis tool is very simple and typically includes two columns. On the left are the “Driving Forces” and on the right are the “Restraining Forces.” Teams and organizations who conduct Force Field Analysis typically list the forces and then use the tool to create a structure of analyzing the issues and creating action plans